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Loxodonta africana

African elephants welfare assessment protocols

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Environmental Enrichment in Zoo Animals

O. Tallo-Parra, X. Manteca Download PDF technical sheet Environmental enrichment is a goal-directed and pre-established strategy to enhance animal welfare by promoting positive physical and emotional states through stimulating natural rewarding behaviours, and through...

Visitor effect on zoo animals

M. Salas, X. Manteca Download PDF technical sheet Zoos and other centres that hold wild animals in captivity face different issues that can have a direct impact on the welfare of animals. Lack of space, social stress, presence of visitors, diseases and other health...

Gazella Dorcas

Gorcas Gazelles Wellbeing Assessment Protocols Learn more

Welfare assessment in zoo animals: animal-based indicators

M. Salas, X. Manteca Download PDF technical sheet Animal welfare has become a priority for modern zoos. Animal welfare assessment protocols should be based on the principle that welfare includes the physical and emotional health, as well as the behaviour of animals....

Are there animals that adapt better than others to captivity?

M. Salas, X. Manteca Download PDF technical sheet DIFFERENCES AMONG SPECIES There are significant differences among species in their ability to adapt to captivity. Some species breed well in captivity and usually show no apparent signs of poor welfare, while other...

Stereotypies as indicators of poor welfare in zoo animals

X. Manteca, M. Salas Download PDF technical sheet Stereotypies are one of the most commonly used indicators of poor welfare in zoo animals and there is no doubt that they are indeed very useful. The motivation of stereotypies is complex and probably varies with the...

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